B5 (Pantothenic Acid)
Pantothenic acid is water-soluble. There is a close correlation between pantothenic acid tissue levels and functioning of the adrenal cortex. It stimulates the adrenal glands and increases production of cortisone and other adrenal hormones. It plays a vital role in cellular metabolism. As a coenzyme it helps with the release of energy from carbohydrates, fats and proteins. It also helps with the utilization of other vitamins, especially riboflavin. It is an essential constituent of coenzyme A.
Pantothenic acid is essential for the synthesis of cholesterol, steroids and fatty acids. It can improve the body’s ability to withstand stressful conditions. Deficiency is rare, but symptoms can include vomiting, restlessness, abdominal pains, burning feet, muscle cramps, gas and abdominal distention.